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Alibaba Group Holding Limited
«Alibaba» redirige aquí. Para el personaje ficticio de «Las mil y una noches», véase Alí Babá.
阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司
TypePublic
  • [editar datos en Wikidata].
  • Alibaba Group (en chino:阿里巴巴集团) es un consorcio privado chino que posee 18 subsidiarias con sede en Hangzhou dedicado al comercio electrónico en Internet, incluyendo portales de ventas business-to-business, de venta al por menor, y de venta entre consumidores; también ofrece servicios de pago en línea, un motor de búsqueda de comparación de precios y servicios de almacenamiento de datos en la nube.
  • En 2012, dos de los portales de Alibaba juntos manejaron 1,1 billones de yuanes (170 000 millones de dólares) en ventas, más que sus competidores eBay y Amazon.com combinados.[2]​ La compañía opera principalmente en la República Popular China, y en marzo de 2013 la revista The Economist estimó que el consorcio podría tener una valoración de entre 55 000 y 120 000 millones de dólares.[2]​ Durante 2013 consiguió unos ingresos aproximados de 7500 millones de dólares y poseía unos 22 000 empleados en marzo de 2014.
  • El consorcio inició operaciones en 1999, cuando Jack Ma fundó el sitio web Alibaba.com.
ISINUS01609W1027
IndustryTechnology company
Founded28 June 1999; 22 years ago[1]
Hangzhou, Zhejiang
FounderJack Ma
HeadquartersNo. 969 West Wen Yi Road[2],
  • El portal Alibaba.com se ha convertido en la plataforma más conocida a nivel mundial para que empresas de cualquier rubro encuentren fabricantes de productos, no solo de China, sino que de cualquier parte del mundo,[3]​ por lo que funciona como un portal business-to-business.
Worldwide
Los portales de Alibaba, Taobao, similar a eBay, cuenta con cerca de mil millones de productos y es uno de los 20 sitios web más visitados a nivel mundial.
  • Los sitios de Alibaba Group son responsables de más del 60% de los paquetes entregados en China.[2]​.
  • Alipay, un servicio de custodia de pagos en línea, representa aproximadamente la mitad de todas las transacciones de pago en línea en China.
  • La gran mayoría de estos pagos se producen tras el uso de los servicios de Alibaba.[4]​ .
Products
Services
  • En 2010, el grupo Alibaba fundó AliExpress, un sitio de venta de productos a bajo coste que conectaba directamente a los fabricantes chinos con compradores particulares (negocio business-to-consumer).
  • Se diferenciaba de Taobao en que su público objetivo se encuentra mayoritariamente fuera de la propia China, especialmente en países como Estados Unidos, Rusia, Brasil o España.
RevenueCN¥717.289 billion[5] (US$109.480 billion, 2021)
CN¥89.678 billion[5] (US$13.688 billion, 2021)
CN¥143.284 billion[5] (US$21.869 billion, 2021)
Total assets CN¥1.690 trillion[5] (US$257.978 billion, 2021)
Total equity CN¥1.075 trillion[5] (US$164.071 billion, 2021)
251,462[5] (31 March 2021)
SubsidiariesSee companies and affiliated entities
WebsiteOfficial website
Alibaba Group
La compañía buscó una oferta pública de venta en los Estados Unidos después de un acuerdo fallido con los reguladores de Hong Kong.[6]​ En septiembre de 2014 salió a bolsa en Wall Street por medio de una entidad de interés variable (VIE) con sede en las Islas Caimán, convirtiéndose en la mayor OPV de la historia y recaudando unos 25 000 millones de dólares.[7]​.
Simplified Chinese阿里巴巴集团
Traditional Chinese阿里巴巴集團
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinĀlǐbābā Jítuán
IPA[á.lì.pá.pá tɕǐ.tʰwǎn]
Yue: Cantonese
Yale RomanizationAléihbābā Jaahptyùhn
JyutpingAa3leoi5baa1baa1 zaap6tyun4

El 9 de abril de 2021, como parte de una ofensiva china contra las grandes tecnológicas, la Administración Estatal de Regulación del Mercado (SAMR) ordenó una multa de 2800 millones de dólares estadounidenses contra Alibaba por prácticas monopólicas, y ordenó a Alibaba que presente informes de auditoria y cumplimiento a la agencia estatal china SAMR durante tres años. Los críticos dicen que la medida refuerza el control del gobierno chino sobre las empresas de tecnología. ↑ abcde«Alibaba Group Holding Limited»(en inglés).

Securities and Exchange Commission. Consultado el 2 de diciembre de 2020. ↑ abc«E-commerce in China: The Alibaba phenomenon». The Economist(en inglés). 23 de marzo de 2013. ↑«Alibaba: La plataforma más grande del mundo para encontrar proveedores.». 23 de noviembre de 2016. ↑«Alibaba: The world’s greatest bazaar». The Economist(en inglés). 23 de marzo de 2013. ↑«Breve historia de Jack Ma, Alibaba y AliExpress». 6 de mayo de 2015. Consultado el 26 de mayo de 2015. ↑«UPDATE 3-U.S. to get coveted Alibaba IPO after Hong Kong talks founder». Reuters(en inglés).

25 de septiembre de 2013. Consultado el 26 de septiembre de 2013. ↑«La salida a Bolsa de Alibaba es ya la mayor de la historia». 22 de septiembre de 2014. Consultado el 25 de septiembre de 2014. ↑«Alibaba fined $2.8 billion on competition charge in China». Associated Press(en inglés). 10 de abril de 2021. Consultado el 10 de abril de 2021. ↑Wang, Christine (10 de abril de 2021). «China slaps Alibaba with $2.8 billion fine in anti-monopoly probe». CNBC(en inglés). Consultado el 10 de abril de 2021. ↑Agence France Presse (10 de abril de 2021). «China fines Alibaba billions for alleged market abuses». The Guardian(en inglés). Consultado el 10 de abril de 2021. Wikimedia Commons alberga una categoría multimedia sobre Alibaba Group.

外部链接[编辑]

Obtenido de «https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alibaba_Group&oldid=140562127». Cassim, Ali Baba's elder brother, in the cave by Maxfield Parrish (1909). "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves" (Arabic: علي بابا والأربعون لصا) is a folk tale from the One Thousand and One Nights.

It was added to the collection in the 18th century by its French translator Antoine Galland, who heard it from Syrian storyteller Hanna Diyab. As one of the most familiar of the Arabian Nights tales, it has been widely retold and performed in many media, especially for children, for whom the more violent aspects of the story are often suppressed. In the original version, Ali Baba (Arabic: علي باباʿAlī Bābā) is a poor woodcutter and an honest person who discovers the secret of a thieves' den, and enters with the magic phrase "open sesame". The thieves try to kill Ali Baba, but Ali Baba's faithful slave-girl foils their plots. Ali Baba's son marries her and Ali Baba keeps the secret of the treasure.

概要[編集]

The tale was added to the story collection One Thousand and One Nights by one of its European translators, Antoine Galland, who called his volumes Les Mille et Une Nuits (1704–1717). Galland was an 18th-century FrenchOrientalist who heard it in oral form from a Syrian Maronite story-teller, called Hanna Diyab, who came from Aleppo in modern-day Syria and told the story in Paris.[1] In any case, the earliest known text of the story is Galland's French version. Burton included it in the supplemental volumes (rather than the main collection of stories) of his translation (published as The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night).[2]. The American Orientalist Duncan Black MacDonald discovered an Arabic-language manuscript of the story at the Bodleian Library;[3] however, this was later found to be a counterfeit.[4].

Ali Baba and his older brother, (Arabic: قاسمQāsim) Cassim (sometimes spelled Kasim), are the sons of a merchant. After their father's death, the greedy Cassim marries a wealthy woman and becomes well-to-do, building on their father's business. Ali Baba marries a poor woman and settles into the trade of a woodcutter. One day, Ali Baba is at work collecting and cutting firewood in the forest, when he happens to overhear a group of 40 thieves visiting their stored treasure. Their treasure is in a cave, the mouth of which is sealed by a huge rock. It opens on the magic words "open sesame" and seals itself on the words "close sesame".

When the thieves are gone, Ali Baba enters the cave himself and takes a single bag of gold coins home. Ali Baba and his wife borrow his sister-in-law's scales to weigh their new wealth. Unbeknownst to them, Cassim's wife puts a blob of wax in the scales to find out what Ali Baba is using them for, as she is curious to know what kind of grain her impoverished brother-in-law needs to measure.

To her shock, she finds a gold coin sticking to the scales and tells her husband. Under pressure from his brother, Ali Baba is forced to reveal the secret of the cave. Cassim goes to the cave, taking a donkey with him to take as much treasure as possible. He enters the cave with the magic words. However, in his greed and excitement over the treasure, he forgets the words to get out again and ends up trapped. The thieves find him there and kill him. When his brother does not come back, Ali Baba goes to the cave to look for him, and finds the body quartered and with each piece displayed just inside the cave's entrance, as a warning to anyone else who might try to enter.

Ali Baba brings the body home where he entrusts Morgiana (Arabic: مرجانةMurjāna), a clever slave-girl from Cassim's household, with the task of making others believe that Cassim has died a natural death. First, Morgiana purchases medicines from an apothecary, telling him that Cassim is gravely ill. Then, she finds an old tailor known as Baba Mustafa whom she pays, blindfolds, and leads to Cassim's house. There, overnight, the tailor stitches the pieces of Cassim's body back together. Ali Baba and his family are able to give Cassim a proper burial without anyone suspecting anything. The thieves, finding the body gone, realize that another person must know their secret, and they set out to track him down. One of the thieves goes down to the town and comes across Baba Mustafa, who mentions that he has just sewn the pieces of a corpse back together. Realizing the dead man must have been the thieves' victim, the thief asks Baba Mustafa to lead the way to the house where the deed was performed. The tailor is blindfolded again, and in this state he is able to retrace his steps and find the house. The thief marks the door with a symbol so the other thieves can come back that night and kill everyone in the house.

However, the thief has been seen by Morgiana who, loyal to her master, foils the thief's plan by marking all the houses in the neighborhood similarly. When the 40 thieves return that night, they cannot identify the correct house, and their leader kills the unsuccessful thief in a furious rage. The next day, another thief revisits Baba Mustafa and tries again. Only this time, a chunk is chipped out of the stone step at Ali Baba's front door.

Again, Morgiana foils the plan by making similar chips in all the other doorsteps, and the second thief is killed for his failure as well. At last, the leader of the thieves goes and looks himself. This time, he memorizes every detail he can of the exterior of Ali Baba's house. The leader of the thieves pretends to be an oil merchant in need of Ali Baba's hospitality, bringing with him mules loaded with 38 oil jars, one filled with oil, the other 37 hiding the other remaining thieves.

Once Ali Baba is asleep, the thieves plan to kill him. Again, Morgiana discovers and foils the plan, killing the 37 thieves in their oil jars by pouring boiling oil on them. When their leader comes to rouse his men, he discovers they are all dead and escapes. The next morning, Morgiana tells Ali Baba about the thieves in the jars. They bury them, and Ali Baba shows his gratitude by giving Morgiana her freedom. To exact revenge, the leader of the thieves establishes himself as a merchant, befriends Ali Baba's son (who is now in charge of the late Cassim's business), and is invited to dinner at Ali Baba's house.

However, the thief is recognized by Morgiana, who performs a sword dance with a dagger for the diners and plunges it into the thief's heart, when he is off his guard. Ali Baba is at first angry with Morgiana, but when he finds out the thief wanted to kill him, he is extremely grateful and rewards Morgiana by marrying her to his son. Ali Baba is then left as the only one knowing the secret of the treasure in the cave and how to access it. The story has been classified in the Aarne–Thompson-Uther classification system as ATU 954, "The Forty Thieves".[5] The tale type enjoys "almost universal .. A West African version, named The Password: Outwitting Thieves has been found.[7].

Percy Amaury Talbot located a Nigerian variant, called The Treasure House in the Bush, from Ojong Akpan of Mfamosing.[8]. An American variant was collected by Elsie Clews Parsons from Cape Verde.[9]. Audio readings/dramatizations include:. Dick Bentley played Ali Baba in a musical dramatization on Riverside Records (RLP 1451)/Golden Wonderland (GW 231). The story was dramatized for Tale Spinners for Children on United Artists Records (UAC 11018). Anthony Quayle narrated the story on Caedmon Records (TC 1251)/Fontana Records (SFL 14108). Martyn Green narrated the story on Arabian Nights' Entertainment (Riverside Records RLP 1405). Bing Crosby narrated and sang a version of the story for Simon & Schuster Records (A298:20)/Gala Records (GLP 351). Bing Crosby recorded the story on 25 April 1957,[10] linking the narrative with songs. This was issued as an album Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves in 1957. "Main Hoon Alibaba", a song from the 1953 Indian film Char Chand by Talat Mehmood and Premlata, it narrates the adventures of Ali Baba.[11]. "Alibaba Alibaba", a song by Asha Bhosle from Alibaba Aur 40 Chor, a 1966 Indian film. "Main Alibaba" is a song by K. Yesudas from Alibaba Marjinaa, a 1977 Indian film adaptation of the folktale. "Alibaba Alibaba" is a song about Alibaba and his love for Marjina by Suresh Wadkar and Kavita Krishnamurthy, from the 1982 Indian film Jeeo Aur Jeene Do. "Ali Baba Ali Baba" is a song about the woodcutter by Runa Laila and Aadesh Shrivastava from the 1990 Indian film Agneepath.[12].

The second track on "super group" Dark Lotus' album Tales from the Lotus Pod (2001) is titled "Ali Baba".[citation needed]. John Holt sings of the dream he had of Ali Baba in his song titled "Ali Baba".[citation needed]. On the first track on Licensed to Ill, "Rhymin' & Steelin'", the Beastie Boys chant "Ali Baba and the forty thieves".

Tom Holt's mythopoeic novel Open Sesame is based on characters from the story of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.[citation needed]. In an Alvin comic book (Dell Comics No. 1965), The Chipmunks (Alvin, Theodore, and Simon) join eccentric scientist Dr. Dilby in his time machine. Their first stop is ancient Persia, where they meet Ali Baba and help him fight the 40 Thieves.[citation needed].

Although not a direct adaptation, the characters of Ali Baba, Cassim, and Morgiana as well as part of the concept of the Forty Thieves are featured in the Japanese manga series Magi. In 2012, this manga was adapted to anime.[citation needed]. Poster for 40 Thieves at the Royal Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh, 1886. The story has been used as a popular pantomime plot for many years.

An example of the "pantomime Ali Baba" was the pantomime/musicalChu Chin Chow (1916). 40 Thieves (1886) was a pantomime at the Royal Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh.[citation needed]. Ali-Baba (1887) is an opéra comique, with music by Charles Lecocq.[citation needed].

External links[edit]

集團及關聯公司[编辑]

Badi-Bandar Rupkatha (বাঁদী-বান্দার রূপকথা) is a 2014 Bangladeshi theatrical dance adaption of Ali Baba and Forty Thieves organised by Srishti cultural centre and Nrityanchal.
Many leading Bangladeshi dancers performed in the adaption such as Shamim Ara Nipa, Shibli Sadiq, etc.[13].

Ali Baba et les quarante voleurs is a 1902 short silent film directed by Ferdinand Zecca, and possibly the first film adaptation.[citation needed]. Alibaba and the Forty Thieves is a 1927 Indian silent film adaptation by Bhagwati Prasad Mishra.[14]. Alibaba Aur Chalis Chor (Alibaba and the Forty Thieves) is a 1932 Indian Hindi-language feature film by J.J. Alibaba is a 1937 Indian Bengali-language fantasy-comedy film adaptation by Modhu Bose of Kshirodprasad Bidyabinod's play based on the story of Ali Baba. It stars Bibhuti Ganguly in the titular role, Sadhana Bose as Marjina and Madhu Bose as Abdullah - the antagonist.[14]. Ali Baba is a 1940 Indian Hindi-language fantasy film by Mehboob Khan.[15] The film was a bilingual, made in Punjabi language as Alibaba at the same time.[16] It stars Surendra in a double role as Ali Baba and his son along with Sardar Akhtar, Ghulam Mohammed and Wahidan Bai.[17].

Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum (Alibaba and the Forty Thieves) is a 1941 Indian Tamil-language comedy film adaptation by K. Ali Baba We El Arbeen Haramy (1942, in aka Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves) is an Egyptian film adaptation, starring Ali Al-Kassar as Ali Baba and the comedian actor Ismail Yasin as his assistant. Ali Baba is a 1945 Indian Hindi-language film adaptation by Nanubhai Vakil.[14]. Ali Baba et les quarante voleurs (1954) is a French film starring Fernandel and Samia Gamal.[18]. Alibaba Aur 40 Chor (Alibaba and 40 Thieves) is a 1954 Indian Hindi-language fantasy action film directed by Homi Wadi. It stars Mahipal in the titular role and Shakila as his love interest, Marjina. Son of Ali Baba is a 1955 Indian Hindi-language fantasy film by Majnu. It follows the adventures of Ali Baba's son.[14]. Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum (Alibaba and the Forty Thieves) is a 1956 Indian Tamil-language adventure fantasy-drama film by T. Sundaram, starring M.

Ramachandran in the titular role.[19]. Khul Ja Sim Sim (Open Sesame) is a 1956 Indian Hindi-language action film by Nanubhai Vakil, starring Mahipal and Shakila in the lead roles. It starts from when Ali Baba has gained the treasure of the thieves after defeating them but his arrogance grows and he starts using the money for his own pleasure.[14]. Sim Sim Marjeena is a 1958 Indian Hindi-language fantasy film by Naren Dave, starring Helen and Mahipal in the lead roles. It follows the adventures of Ali Baba and Marjeena, who serves as his love interest here. It is a sequel to 1956's Khul Ja Sim Sim.[14][20]. Aik Tha Alibaba (There was a Alibaba) is a 1963 Indian Hindi-language action film adaptation by Harbans Singh.[14]. Sindbad Alibaba and Aladdin is a 1965 Indian Hindi-language musical fantasy-adventure film by Prem Narayan Arora. It features the three most popular characters from the Arabian Nights. Ali Baba Bujang Lapok (1960) is a Malaysian comedy film which quite faithfully adhered to the tale's plot details but introduced a number of anachronisms for humour, for example the usage of a truck instead of donkey by Cassim Baba to steal the robbers' loot.

Alibaba Aur 40 Chor (Alibaba and 40 Thieves) is a 1966 Indian Hindi-language adventure-fantasy film by Homi Wadia, starring Sanjeev Kumar in the lead role. Ali Baba 40 Dongalu is a 1970 Indian Telugu-language film by B. Based on the folktale, it stars N T Rama Rao in the titular role and Jayalalitha as Marjiana.[21][22]. Marjina Abdulla is a 1973 Indian Bengali-language musical film adaptation by Dinen Gupta. Ali Baba ve Kırk Haramiler (1971, in English: Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves) is a Turkish film, starring Sadri Alışık as Ali Baba. Alibabayum 41 Kallanmaarum (Alibaba and 41 Thieves) is a 1975 Indian Malayalam-language musical film by J. Sasikumar, starring Prem Nazir as Ali Baba.[23].

Ali Baba is a 1976 Indian Hindi-language action adventure-fantasy film, based on the folktale, by Mohammed Hussain. Alibaba Marjinaa is a 1977 Indian Hindi-language action-adventure film by Kedar Kapoor, starring Prem Krishan as Alibaba and Tamanna as Marjinaa. Adventures of Ali-Baba and the Forty Thieves is a 1980 Indian-Soviet film based on the folktale, directed by Latif Faiziyev and Umesh Mehra. The film stars Indian actors Dharmendra, Hema Malini and Zeenat Aman alongside Russian, Caucasian and Central Asian actors. The storyline is slightly altered to extend as a long movie. The writers were Shanti Prakash Bakshi and Boris Saakov, the music was scored by musician R.D. Burman, and the Choreographer was P. Raj.[24][25][26] It was the most successful Indian-Soviet co-production, becoming a success in both India and the Soviet Union. Alibaba Aur 40 Chor (Alibaba and 40 Thieves) is a 2004 Indian Hindi-language action adventure-drama film by Sunil Agnihotri. A modern-day retelling of the folktale, it follows Alibaba (Arbaaz Khan) as he faces off against a local bandit who has been terrorizing his village.[14].

Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves (1944), remade as The Sword of Ali Baba (1965), reimagines the thieves as freedom fighters against Mongol oppression, and Ali Baba as their leader. Frank Puglia portrayed the character named Cassim in both versions. The story of Ali Baba was featured in Inkheart (2008). One of the 40 Thieves, named Farid (played by Rafi Garven), is brought out of the story by Mortimer "Mo" Folchart and ends up becoming his ally.[citation needed].

A Comi Color cartoon, Ali Baba (1936). A Popeye cartoon, Popeye the Sailor Meets Ali Baba's Forty Thieves (1937), features Popeye meeting and defeating the titular group and their leader Abu Hassan (portrayed by Popeye's nemesis Bluto).[citation needed].

A Merrie MelodiesBugs Bunny/Daffy Duck cartoon, Ali Baba Bunny (1957), has a similar premise to the concept of the treasure-filled magical cave.[citation needed].

The Disneytoon Studios film DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp uses the reference of the folk tale but alters the name of Ali Baba to Collie Baba, the story origins reveals that the DuckTales version of the greatest thief that he stolen the magic lamp from the evil sorcerer name Merlock for good.[citation needed].

In Aladdin and the King of Thieves (1996), the 40 thieves play an integral part in the story. However, the story is very different from the original Ali Baba story, particularly Cassim's new role as Aladdin's father and the King of Thieves.[citation needed]. In the animated movie Ali Baba and the 40 Thieves-The Lost Scimitar of Arabia (2005), Ali Baba, the son of the Sultan of Arabia, is worried about his father's safety when he discovers that the Sultan's evil brother, Kasim, has taken over the throne and is plotting to kill him. With his friends, Ali returns to Arabia and successfully avoids his uncle's henchmen. Out in the desert, Ali becomes the leader of a group of forty men who are ready to fight against Kasim.[citation needed]. The story was adapted in the 1971 animeAli Baba and the Forty Thieves (アリババと40匹の盗賊, Aribaba to Yonjuppiki no Tozoku), storyboarded by Hayao Miyazaki.[citation needed]. Ali Baba is a 1973 Indian Bengali-language musical drama short animated film directed by Rohit Mohra. In the manga, Magi: The Labyrinth of Magic (serialized since June 2009), Alibaba appears as another protagonist.[27] At some point in the show, he is shown as the leader of a gang of thieves called Fog Troupe. Morgiana is his loyal friend, whom Alibaba freed from slavery, and Cassim is his friend from the slums, who is constantly jealous of Alibaba and tries to bring him ill fate, when he can.[citation needed]. Alibaba is a 2002 Indian 3-D animated adventure film by Usha Ganesarajah, produced by Pentamedia Graphics.[28].

Alibaba and The Forty Thieves is a 2018 Indian 3D-animated film adaptation by V. Indian TV series Alif Laila, based on the Arabian Nights, had a 14 episode segment on Alibaba and the Forty Thieves.[30]. Princess Dollie Aur Uska Magic Bag (2004–2006), an Indian teen fantasy adventure television series on Star Plus where Vinod Singh portrays Ali Baba, one of the main characters in the show along with Sinbad and Hatim.

Ali Baba (2007) is a French telefilm starring Gérard Jugnot.[citation needed]. In the American/British television mini-series Arabian Nights (2000), the story is told faithfully with two major changes. The first is: when Morgiana discovers the thieves in the oil jars, she alerts Ali Baba and, together with a friend, they release the jars on a street with a steep incline that allows the jars to roll down and break open.

Furthermore, the city guard is alerted and arrest the disoriented thieves as they emerge from their containers. Later, when Morgiana defeats the thief leader, Ali Baba, who is young and has no children, marries the heroine himself. In the 2019 BBC/FX adaptation of A Christmas Carol, Ali Baba was portrayed by Kayvan Novak. This was an expansion from a reference to the character in the original novel.[31].

Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child televised a "gender bender" version of Ali Baba in 1999, featuring the voices of Jurnee Smollett as a female Ali Baba, Tommy Davidson as Cassim, Marla Gibbs as the Grandmother, Will Ferrell as Mamet the Moocher, George Wallace as Baba Mustafa, and Bruno Kirby as the Great One.[citation needed].

2019年[编辑]

In The Simpsons episode "Moe Goes from Rags to Riches" (29 January 2012), Lisa is Scheherazade, who tells the story to Nelson Muntz as King Shahryar.[citation needed]. Elements of Ali Baba were featured in the second Dinosaur King series, from episodes 18 through 21. One of the most common elements of the story featured the 39 Thieves (one of its 40 members was out sick), and it featured the "Open Sesame" phrase.[citation needed]. Adventures of Ali Baba (2018–2019) is an Indian animated television series, produced by Shilpa Shetty Kundra, which aired on Colors Rishtey. A modern-day retelling of the folktale, it follows brothers Ali and Baba, who protect dungeons and fight evil forces with their supernatural powers.[32]. Ali Baba (1981) is a computer video game by Quality Software[33]. Ali Baba and 40 Thieves (1982) is an arcade video game by Sega.[citation needed]. Blade of Ali Baba is a unique item of the video game Diablo II (2000). A version of Ali Baba appears in Sonic and the Secret Rings (2007), where he is portrayed by the character Tails.[citation needed].

A gang of thieves known as the "Forty Thieves" appears in Sly Cooper: Thieves in Time (2013).[citation needed]. "Alibaba" appears as the hackeralias of Futaba Sakura in Persona 5. The story Alibaba and the 40 thieves appears on the website Poptropica as a playable island. Alibaba and Morgiana were playable characters in the mobile game Grimms Notes, while the 40 thieves and their leader were enemies. "Ali Baba's Wee Booties" are a community created weapon for the Demoman in the video game Team Fortress 2 (2007). At the United States Air Force Academy, Cadet Squadron 40 was originally nicknamed "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves" before eventually changing its name to the "P-40 Warhawks".[citation needed]. The name "Ali Baba" was often used as derogatory slang by American and Iraqi soldiers and their allies in the Iraq War, to describe individuals suspected of a variety of offenses related to theft and looting.[34] Additionally, British soldiers routinely used the term to refer to Iraqi civilians.[35] In the subsequent occupation, it is used as a general term for the insurgents.[36].

社会责任[编辑]

The Iraqis adopted the term "Ali Baba" to describe foreign troops suspected of looting.[37]. Alibaba Group of China used the name because of its universal appeal.[38]. Zero-knowledge proofs are often introduced to students of computer science with a pedagogical parable involving "Ali Baba's Cave." A depiction of the Forty Thieves. The Forty Thieves attack Cassim. A member of the Forty Thieves tries to discover the location of the house of Ali Baba. A member of the Forty Thieves marks the door of Ali Baba. Morgiana pays Baba Mustafa the Cobbler. Morgiana pours boiling hot oil into the jars containing the infamous Forty Thieves. Ali Baba presents treasures from the magical cave of Sesame to Morgiana. ^Goodman, John (17 Dec 2017). Marvellous Thieves adds a new chapter to Arabian Nights - Paulo Lemos Horta gives 'secret authors' their due in his study of the World Literature classic. North Shore News. Supplemental Nights to the Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night with Notes Anthropological and Explanatory.

^MacDonald, Duncan Black (April 1910). "'Ali Baba and the forty thieves' in Arabic from a Bodleian MS". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland: 327–386. doi:10.1017/S0035869X00039575.

^Mahdi, Muhsin (1994). "Galland's Successors". The Thousand and One Nights: From the Earliest Known Sources; Part 3, "Introduction and Indexes". ^Uther, Hans-Jörg (2004). The Types of International Folktales: Animal tales, tales of magic, religious tales, and realistic tales, with an introduction. FF Communications. ^Paulme, Denise. "Morphologie du conte africain".

In: Cahiers d'études africaines, vol. 12, n°45, 1972. [DOI: https://doi.org/10.3406/cea.1972.2775]; www.persee.fr/doc/cea_0008-0055_1972_num_12_45_2775. ^Herskovits, Melville; Herskovits, Frances (1998). Dahomean Narratives. Northwestern University Press. ^Talbot, Percy (1912). In the Shadow of the Bush. ^McCarthy, William (2007). Cinderella in America: A Book of Folk and Fairy Tales.

University Press of Mississippi. ^"A Bing Crosby Discography". International Club Crosby. Retrieved 4 October 2017. ^"Ali Baba Ali Baba - Agneepath". 10 September 2020. Archived from the original on 13 November 2021.

^"Leading Dancers to Present Ali Baba". Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014. ^ abcdefghiRajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (1999). Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema. British Film Institute. Retrieved 12 August 2012. ^Ganesh Anantharaman (January 2008).

Audio recordings & Music[edit]

Bollywood Melodies: A History of the Hindi Film Song. Penguin Books India. ^Sanjit Narwekar (1994). Directory of Indian film-makers and films. ^"Alibaba 1940". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2014. ^Bali, Karan (2 January 2015). "Tamil Nadu's trailblazing Modern Theatres studio spun romances, period dramas and colour films". Archived from the original on 6 September 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2016. ^Sim Sim Margina (1958). ^"Ali Baba 40 Dongalu (Banner)". ^"Ali Baba 40 Dongalu (Direction)". ^"Alibabayum 41 kallanmaarum". malayalasangeetham.info. Retrieved 6 October 2014.

Unternehmen[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

(4 March 2017). "Alibaba Aur 40 Chor (1979)".

Retrieved 11 May 2018. ^The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 101, Issues 18-34. ^"Приключения Али-Бабы и сорока разбойников – в Багдаде все спокойно". Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2007. ^Ohtaka, Shinobu (2009). "Ohtaka Backstage, Ch. Archived from the original on 22 October 2021. ^Gautam, Savitha (25 January 2002). ^"Alibaba and The Forty Thieves (2018)". ^"Alif Laila: 1001 Nights - Vol. 1 to 20 (Episodes - 1 to 143) DVD". Retrieved 5 November 2018. ^Fienberg, Daniel (18 December 2019). "'A Christmas Carol': TV Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 21 December 2019. ^"Raj & Shilpa Shetty Kundra Turn TV Producers With A 13 Part Animation Series !" 31 October 2018. ^Barton, Matt (23 February 2007).

"Part 2: The Golden Age (1985-1993)". The History of Computer Role-Playing Games. Archived from the original on 30 March 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2009. ^Vasagar, Jeevan. "Court martial hears of drowned Iraqi's final moments". Retrieved 18 April 2007. ^Norton-Taylor, Richard (21 September 2009). "Baha Mousa inquiry: 'rotten' UK military blamed for death in army camp". ^Fumento, Michael. "Back to Falluja: The Iraqi Army versus the Keystone Kops insurgency". Retrieved 18 April 2007. ^Levin, Jerry (3 May 2003). "Will The Real Ali Baba Please Stand Up". Archived from the original on 11 April 2007. Retrieved 18 April 2007. ^"Alibaba's IPO Filing: Everything You Need to Know - Digits - WSJ". Retrieved 11 July 2014. ^Quisquater, Jean-Jacques; Guillou, Louis C.; Berson, Thomas A.

Story[edit]

"How to Explain Zero-Knowledge Protocols to Your Children"(PDF). Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO '89: Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. doi:10.1007/0-387-34805-0_60. Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves (e-text, in English, at Bartleby.com). Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves at the Internet Movie Database. Arabian Nights at the Internet Movie Database. The Sword of Ali Baba at the Internet Movie Database. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ali_Baba_and_the_Forty_Thieves&oldid=1081370859". Alibaba.com (chinesisch阿里巴巴, Pinyinālǐbābā) ist eine Handels- und Kommunikationsplattform für Unternehmen (B2B).

Die Verwaltung von Alibaba.com liegt in Hangzhou (Volksrepublik China) und das Unternehmen gehört zur Alibaba Group. Alibaba.com hat nach eigenen Angaben einen Kundenstamm von mehr als 53 Mio. Benutzern aus über 240 Ländern und Regionen.[2] Vor allem kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen nutzen die Plattform für den Handel in asiatischen Ländern. Nach Schätzung des US-Marktforschungsunternehmens Forrester Research wurden 2013 Waren im Wert von 240 Milliarden Dollar über Alibaba gehandelt.[3] In Europa ist Alibaba vor allem für den Import aus China von Bedeutung. Als Bezahldienst wurde von Alibaba Alipay entwickelt und eingeführt. Die Website wurde 1999 von dem chinesischen Unternehmer und ehemaligen Englischlehrer Jack Ma gegründet. Ende April 2007 wurde bekannt, dass der Mutterkonzern Alibaba Group einen alleinigen Börsengang der Business-to-Business-Internetplattform im Laufe des Jahres plante.[4] Umgesetzt wurde dieser am 6. November 2007 als weltweit zweitgrößter Börsengang eines Internet-Unternehmens nach Google im Jahr 2004. Mit der Emission nahm das Unternehmen 11,6 Milliarden Hongkong-Dollar (ca.

eine Milliarde Euro) ein. Für Aufsehen sorgte im Vorfeld die schnelle Überzeichnung der angebotenen Anteile.

Analysis[edit]

Die Großbanken Goldman Sachs und Morgan Stanley begleiteten die Emission als konsortialführende Banken. 2005 übernahm Yahoo 40 % des Mutterkonzerns Alibaba Group,[5] wovon 2012 die Hälfte wieder verkauft wurde. Alibaba.com war von November 2007 bis Juni 2012 an der Hong Kong Stock Exchange notiert. Laut einem Spiegel Bericht 2020, verzeichnete Alibaba 583.000 Bestellungen pro Sekunde.[6]. Ming Zeng: Smart Business. Alibabas Strategie-Geheimnis. Mit einem Vorwort von Jack Ma. Campus, Frankfurt am Main 2019, ISBN 978-3-593-50994-5. (Mit Anmerkungen, Literaturverzeichnis und Register)Amerikanische Originalausgabe: Smart Business. What Alibaba´s Success Reveals About the Future of Strategy. Harvard Business Review Press, Boston 2018. Amerikanische Originalausgabe: Smart Business. What Alibaba´s Success Reveals About the Future of Strategy. Harvard Business Review Press, Boston 2018. german.alibaba.com Offizielle Website (deutsch). Nachrichtendossier zu Alibaba, chinatechnews.com (englisch). ↑Salman S.H: Alibaba Group has 960 million global active users. September 2019, abgerufen am 27. Oktober 2020 (englisch). ↑Heike Buchter: Onlinehändler Alibaba: Größter Marktplatz der Welt.

In: Zeit Online. April 2014, abgerufen am 4. ↑„Chinese E-Commerce Company Said to Plan Public Offering“, New York Times, 1. ↑„Yahoo Buys Stake in Alibaba“, Wired, 8. ↑„Alibaba verzeichnet 583.000 Bestellungen pro Sekunde“, Spiegel, 11. Abgerufen von „https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alibaba.com&oldid=215269873“. 坐标:30°11′23″N120°11′25″E / 30.189602°N 120.190371°E. 繼成立B2B網上交易平台阿里巴巴後,阿里巴巴集團於2003年5月投資1億元人民幣建立網上購物平台淘寶網。2004年10月,阿里巴巴集團投資成立支付寶,面向中國電子商務市場推出第三方擔保交易服務。2005年8月,阿里巴巴集團與雅虎達成全面合作關係,阿里巴巴集團全部收購雅虎中國資產,包括旗下的一搜、3721,雅虎美國獲得新阿里巴巴集團的40%股份。2007年8月,阿里巴巴集團推出廣告交易平台阿里妈妈,以支付的低端門槛吸引了大量的中小站長加入。2007年11月6日,阿里巴巴正式以港幣13.5元在香港聯合交易所掛牌上市,股票代碼為「1688 HK」。阿里巴巴上市開盤價30港元,較發行價提高122%。融資116億港元,創下中國互聯網公司融資規模之最。2008年,阿里巴巴中共党支部升格为集团中共党委[14]。2009年9月,阿里巴巴集團慶祝創立十週年,同時宣布成立另一家子公司阿里雲計算。公司创始人“阿里巴巴十八罗汉”(分别是马云、张勇、张瑛、孙彤宇、金建杭、蔡崇信、彭蕾、吴泳铭、盛一飞、楼文胜、麻长炜、韩敏、谢世煌、戴珊、金媛影、蒋芳、师昱峰、饶彤彤)宣布辞去创始人职位,公司改为合伙人制度。2011年6月,阿里巴巴集團將淘寶網分拆為三個獨立的公司:淘寶網、淘寶商城(后更名为天猫)和一淘,以更精準和有效的服務中國的網購人群。. 阿里巴巴集團的總部設於中國杭州市,2019年,其位于北京市的新总部正式开工,在中國內地擁有數十個辦事處,並在香港、臺灣 和日本、印度、美國硅谷、倫敦等地設有辦事處。.

参考文献[编辑]

2012年9月,阿里巴巴集团完成了回购一半雅虎所持阿里巴巴股份的交易,金额为76亿美元。其向投资机构出售股份筹集了部分交易资金,其中主要包括中国的主权基金,及博裕资本、中信资本,以及国家开发银行的投资机构国开金融(CDB Capital)。[17]. 2013年2月20日,阿里巴巴、中國平安保險、騰訊共同攜手設立的眾安在線財產保險公司(英語:Zhong An Online Property Insurance Co.,簡稱:眾安在線)將成為中國首家通過互聯網銷售所有產品并處理理賠的財產保險公司。阿里巴巴將持有眾安在線19.9%的股份,成為其最大股東。中國平安和騰訊控股將分別持股5%。另有六家中小股東分別為攜程、優孚控股、日訊網絡科技、日訊互聯網、加德信投資、遠強投資。. 2014年3月11日阿里巴巴集團旗下ALIBABA INVESTMENT,將以每股0.5元入股文化中國傳播(1060),以認購124.88億新股,共涉資62.44億元,佔經擴大後之已發行股本60%。另外,騰訊(700)原持有文化中國傳播8%股權,經上述交易後,持股量將被攤薄至3.2%。. 2014年5月29日,阿里巴巴斥資3.125億元新元收購新加坡郵政(Singapore Post Ltd.)10.23%股份。. 2014年6月11日,阿里巴巴推出其首个直接面向美国消费者的在线商店,这个网站名为11 Main。[22]. 2015年2月5日,阿里巴巴旗下公司螞蟻金融服務集團與經營印度最大的移動支付和商務平台Paytm的One97 Communications,雙方簽訂戰略合作協議。螞蟻金服將持有One97的25%股權,以支持印度的移動支付及商務平台發展。兩家公司並未提供交易金額,不過,外電引述知情人士透露,這部分股權總值超過5億美元(約39億港元)。. 2015年2月9日,阿里巴巴集团斥資5.9億美元(約46.02億港元)收購魅族科技有限公司(Meizu Technology Corp)的少數股份。. 2015年6月23日,阿里巴巴集团出售旗下美國網購子公司11 Main紿OpenSky,以换取方對方37.6%股份。. 2015年7月8日,阿里巴巴集团斥資1億8710萬新元(約1.38億 美元),増持新加坡郵政(Singapore Post Ltd.)至14.51%,同時斥資0.92億新元入股新郵政的子公司“冠庭國際物流”34%股份。. 2016年4月12日,阿里巴巴集团斥資78億港元(10億美元)入股東南亞網購平台 Lazada Group,成為 Lazada最大股東,其中德國Rocket Internet將以1.37億美元現金出售所持9.1%股份,英國Tesco以1.29億美元出售其所持有Lazada 8.6%的股份,在出售所持部分股份後,德國Rocket Internet和英國Tesco的持股比例將下降至8.8%和8.3%。.

2017年6月29日,阿里巴巴集团斥資10億美元增持Lazada Group,持股比例將由51%提升至83%。. 2018年4月20日,阿里巴巴集團宣布,全資收購中國大陸自主嵌入式CPU IP Core公司——中天微系统有限公司。. 2019年3月28日,趣頭條獲得阿里巴巴集團約1.71億美元投資。根據雙方簽訂的可轉換貸款協議,阿里巴巴將以每股60美元(相當於每ADS 15美元)的價格轉換趣頭條的A類普通股;在可轉換貸款全面轉換後,趣頭條將向阿里巴巴發行新股份,相當於趣頭條在本公告發布當日股本的4.0%。. 自2010年11月,阿里巴巴与美国商务服务局 (美国商务部)、香港貿易發展局及国际贸易网站(英語:GlobalTrade.net)同为合作伙伴。. 自2012年开始,阿里巴巴集团开始大规模投资媒体,包括陌陌、新浪微博、虎嗅、文化中国传媒集团(京华时报)、优酷土豆、光线传媒、四川日报集团、芒果TV、南华早报等,成功构建了一支实力巨大的 “公关喉舌”队伍[58]。而阿里巴巴不断干涉被投资媒体的事件也频频发生[59]。集團杭州園區內建有專門警務室,警方可通過之向阿里巴巴索取調查所需的數據,以利用該公司通過電子商務和金融支付網絡建立的信息庫[60]。.

^Sec Form F-1 REGISTRATION STATEMENT Alibaba Group Holding Limited. Alibaba Group (cn). ^阿里巴巴北京总部今年11月开工 2024年投入使用. ^Alibaba Group Holding Limited(PDF). 阿里北京总部园区奠基 主核心业务全部在京落地. Alibabagroup.com. ^http://tech.qq.com/a/20160407/002672.htm. [2016年4月6日].外部链接存在于|title= (帮助). ^2020年5月21日 下午8:00. 專家視野:港股悶局 部署生科股. Hk.finance.yahoo.com. ^阿里巴巴被指違反中國《反壟斷法》被罰182億元人民幣. ^阿里巴巴(中国)有限公司党委. ^阿里巴巴退市一切才刚刚开始. [2012-09-25].[永久失效連結]. ^阿里巴巴最快下月退市小股东不满价格. 2012年5月26日 [2012-09-25]. ^阿里巴巴递交赴美上市招股书拟募资10亿美元. ^阿里巴巴全资合并UC优视加速推进“云+端”战略. Finance.sina.com. Finance.sina.com. 2014-06-11 [2020-12-25]. ^阿里巴巴大股东为日本企业BAT清一色外资?.

^Alibaba IPO expected to be biggest technology listing in US history. Big News Network.com. 2014-09-06 [2014-09-08]. ^Alibaba's IPO Priced at $68 a Share. 2014-09-18 [2014-09-18]. ^Alibaba prices at $68, becomes top U.S. 2014-09-18 [2014-09-18]. ^阿里巴巴今天在美国上市有望成为全球最大规模IPO. News.sina.com.cn. 阿里巴巴上市首日上涨38%市值2314亿美元.

沿革[編集]

2014-09-20 [2020-12-25]. 阿里283亿元人民币入股苏宁,成第二大股东:互拉股价的节奏?.

2015-08-10 [2020-12-25]. ^阿里巴巴收购众包翻译平台365翻译. Tech.sina.com.cn. ^阿里体育集团宣布成立 马云王健林体育领域再PK. ^阿里宣布全现金收购优酷土豆. ^软银首度减持阿里股份:79亿美元巨额抛售 持股比例降至28%[失效連結]. ^软银抛售阿里股票获利增至100亿美元 (页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆). ^阿里巴巴成海南自贸区首家战略合作企业. www.alibabagroup.com. www.alibabagroup.com. www.alibabagroup.com. ^香港時間 : 2020年12月25日 (五) 09:08. 【阿里巴巴招股價】阿里巴巴「3千人操」買盤被沖散 百億成交見173元上市低. Inews.hket.com. 2020-03-18 [2020-12-25] (英文)网页">((英文)). ^【螞蟻上市觸礁】螞蟻集團中港AH股齊暫緩上市 螞蟻集團:深表歉意、會妥善處理後續工作(不斷更新). 2020-11-03 [2020-11-03]. ^螞蟻上市|螞蟻A股遭叫停 港交所:暫緩螞蟻H股上市. 2020-11-03 [2020-11-03](中文(香港)). ^《華爾街日報》:習近平親自阻止了螞蟻集團的IPO. ^市场监管总局依法对阿里巴巴集团涉嫌垄断行为立案调查. 2020-12-24 [2020-12-24]. (原始内容存档于2020-12-24) (中文). ^关于全国脱贫攻坚先进个人先进集体拟表彰对象的公示. ^全国脱贫攻坚1981名先进个人和1501个先进集体名单发布. ^全国脱贫攻坚先进个人1981名、先进集体1501个 名单公布. ^全国脱贫攻坚先进集体名单(1501个). ^中國反壟斷開鍘 罰阿里巴巴790億元. www.cna.com.tw. [2021-04-10](中文(臺灣)).已忽略文本“ 兩岸 ” (帮助); 已忽略文本“ 重點新聞 ” (帮助); 已忽略文本“ 中央社 CNA ” (帮助). 慘吞790億天價罰單後 阿里巴巴「嚇跪」8字回應 - 財經. [2021-04-10](中文(臺灣)). ^饿了么获阿里12.5亿美元投资 外卖市场三足鼎立. 2016-04-14 [2016-04-14]. ^The world’s greatest bazaar. 2020-06-19 [2020-12-25]. ^马新社, 2018年 8月 18日 星期六 03:20 下午 Myt.

赞阿里巴巴善用科技 敦马:大马有意取经 精彩大马. www.cincainews.com. [2020-12-17](中文). ^全国妇联宣传部与阿里本地生活签约共同传播“她计划”. ex.chinadaily.com.cn. ^Press release: Support from Alibaba Foundation empowers UN Women flagship programmes. [2021-01-07](英语). ^马云:女性员工不能低于33%,要成领导考核的KPI. 2019-08-28 [2021-01-07]. ^3年拿下25家媒体 阿里巴巴组建庞大“公关喉舌”. 2015-12-16 [2020-12-25]. ^華爾街日報:阿里、騰訊成為政府監視國民的耳目. ^马云关于996工作制的讲话. 2019-04-12 [2020-12-25]. ^阿里巴巴涉壟斷遭立案調查 中國監管機構將約談螞蟻集團. 2020-12-24 [2020-12-24](中文(香港)). ^阿里巴巴蒸发7000亿元,一个中石油跌没了!拼多多暴涨超10% _ 证券时报网. ^市场监管总局依法对阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司在中国境内网络零售平台服务市场实施"二选一"垄断行为作出行政处罚. 2021-04-10 [2021-04-10].

^腾讯阿里字节跳动等11家企业被约谈. 阿里“女员工被侵害”事件追踪:多人被停职,集体灌酒涉共犯?. ^女员工称被上司性侵 阿里需要承担责任吗?. 2021-08-08 –通过cnbeta. 龔萬仁(Wan Ling Martello)獨立董事. Farfetch China奢侈品电商平台. Kakao Pay(持股45%)韓國電子錢包. DANA Wallet印尼電子錢包. Ascend Money泰國電子錢包TrueMoney. Wave Money緬甸電子錢包. 滙豐控股 ·恒生銀行 ·香港交易所 ·建設銀行 ·友邦保險 ·工商銀行 ·中国平安 ·中銀香港 ·中國人壽 ·招商銀行 ·中国银行.

Referencias[editar]

Financial data in CNY billions[208][209]
YearRevenueNet IncomeAssetsEquity
2012[210]20,025,000,0008,404,000,00047,210,000,00034,383,000,000
2013[208]34,517,000,0004,228,000,00063,786,000,000513,000,000
2014[208]52,504,000,00023,076,000,000111,549,000,00030,417,000,000
2015[208]76,204,000,00024,149,000,000255,434,000,000157,413,000,000
2016[208]101,143,000,00071,460,000,000364,245,000,000249,539,000,000
2017[208]158,273,000,00043,675,000,000506,812,000,000321,129,000,000
2018[209]250,266,000,00063,985,000,000717,124,000,000436,438,000,000
2019[209]376,844,000,00087,600,000,000965,076,000,000608,583,000,000
2020[209]509,711,000,000149,263,000,0001,312,985,000,000870,548,000,000
2021(Q1)[209]717,289,000,000150,308,000,0001,690,218,000,0001,074,961,000,000

Présentation[modifier | modifier le code]

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Gallery[edit]

  1. 長和 ·銀河娛樂 ·港鐵公司 ·吉利汽車 ·阿里健康 ·中信股份 ·萬洲國際 ·華潤啤酒 ·中國石化 ·創科實業 ·腾讯 ·中國聯通 ·中国石油 ·信義玻璃 ·中國海洋石油 ·中国移动 ·信義光能 ·恆安國際 ·石藥集團 ·中國生物製藥 ·比亚迪 ·小米集團 ·百威亞太 ·金沙中國 ·瑞聲科技 ·安踏體育 ·药明生物 ·申洲國際 ·蒙牛乳業 ·李寧 ·舜宇光學 ·美团 ·海底捞 ·京東集團 ·阿里巴巴 ·网易.
  2. 盈富基金(港交所:2800) · 恒生指數ETF(港交所:2833) ·华夏恒生ETF(深交所:159920). 古い情報を更新する必要があります。(2021年3月)出典検索?: "アリババグループ" – ニュース·書籍·スカラー·CiNii·J-STAGE·NDL·dlib.jp·ジャパンサーチ·TWL.
  3. 日本ソフトバンク (24.9%). アリババグループ(簡体字中国語: 阿里巴巴集团、英語: Alibaba Group Holding Limited)は、中華人民共和国の情報技術 (IT) などを行う会社であり、持株会社。本社は浙江省杭州市。.
  4. 1999年の創立以来、企業間電子商取引(B2B)のオンライン・マーケット (www.alibaba.com、china.alibaba.com、www.alibaba.co.jp)を運営しており、240あまりの国家・地域にて5340万以上の会員のほか、5つの子会社を保有している。.
  5. 1999年6月28日[1]創業。企業間電子商取引をサポートするマッチングサイト「阿里巴巴(Alibaba.com; アリババ・コム)」が多くの会員を集め瞬く間に急成長。以降、電子商取引サイト「淘宝網(Taobao.com)」、検索サイト「Yahoo!中国雅虎」、電子マネーサービス「支付宝(Alipay)」、ソフトウェア開発会社「阿里軟件(Alisoft)」(現在はアリババドットコムとアリババクラウドコンピューティングに合併) などの会社を設立または買収し傘下に収める。国際的な知名度を高めたのは、2005年に行ったYahoo!中国の買収案件を成立させてからであり、その際にアメリカYahoo!はアリババグループの株を入手し、筆頭株主となった。.
  6. 2015年からスポーツ事業にも乗り出し、トヨタ自動車に代わり2022年までの8年契約でFIFAクラブワールドカップの冠スポンサー[12]に就いている[13]。さらに2018年より2028年までの10年契約で国際オリンピック委員会 (IOC)の13社目(トヨタなどに続く)のワールドワイドパートナーとなることも発表され[注 1]、これにより韓国の2018年平昌オリンピック、日本の2020年東京オリンピック、中国本国の2022年北京オリンピックなどのスポンサーとなり[14]、アリババは五輪開催都市の交通や会場などをクラウドで制御する計画を発表しており[15]、AIで都市を管理統制する「城市大脳」(シティブレイン)のモデル都市である杭州では交通渋滞の解消や当局による犯罪容疑者の逮捕などに成功している[16][17][18][19]。子会社のアリスポーツはEスポーツの振興に力を入れており、アジアオリンピック評議会(OCA)と提携して中国で行われる2022年アジア競技大会でメダル種目にすることを発表し[20]、独自大会ではワールド・エレクトロニック・スポーツ・ゲームズ(英語版)も主催している。.
  7. 1999年6月28日[1] - 中国浙江省杭州市にて設立. 2000年10月 - 国際貿易を中心とする中国企業向けに「ゴールド・サプライヤー」会員サービス開始. 2001年8月 - 中国国内販売を中心とする企業向けに「トラスト・パス」サービス開始. 2002年8月 - 海外企業向けに「インターナショナル・トラスト・パス」サービス開始. 2004年 - 登録会員数600万を突破. 2005年 - 登録会員数1000万を突破. 2006年 - 登録会員数2000万を突破.
  8. 2007年 - 7年連続『Forbes』誌の最優秀B2Bウェブサイトに選出される. 2007年7月 - アメリカの「FORTUNE」誌の『グローバルな経営者向けベストウェブサイト』に選出される. 2007年11月6日 - 香港証券取引所に阿里巴巴網絡有限公司(アリババ・ドットコム)を上場、時価総額2兆円を超える[41].
  9. 2012年6月10日 - 阿里巴巴網絡有限公司の香港証券取引所の上場廃止[42]. 2014年9月19日 - 阿里巴巴集团が米ニューヨーク証券取引所に上場[43]. 2019年9月10日 - 創業者の馬雲が会長職を退任[34]. 2019年11月26日 - 阿里巴巴集团が香港証券取引所に上場[36].
  10. ^ abcSec Form F-1 REGISTRATION STATEMENT Alibaba Group Holding Limited. ^“Alibaba Group Holding Limited”. ^“ソフトバンクの07年3月期、携帯電話事業が寄与し増収増益”. (2007年5月9日) 2019年5月31日閲覧。.
  11. ^“ソフトバンク 買収と投資でグループ成長 一方で失敗も”. (2017年5月13日) 2019年1月20日閲覧。. ^ ab“ソフトバンク:アリババ株を8750億円相当売却へ、提携は継続”. (2016年6月1日) 2017年6月9日閲覧。. ^“ソフトバンクのロボット子会社に鴻海とアリババ出資”.
  12. (2015年6月18日) 2019年1月28日閲覧。. ^ウォールストリート・ジャーナルアリババ、ロスチャイルドを財務アドバイザーに起用 2014年4月17日 18:35 JST. ^“アリババIPO、世界最大の250億ドル-オプション行使で”. (2014年9月22日) 2016年9月23日閲覧。. ^“アリババ、史上最大の2.7兆円調達 19日NY上場”. (2014年9月19日) 2016年9月23日閲覧。.
  13. ^“サッカー:冠スポンサーに中国・アリババ…クラブW杯”. (2015年12月9日) 2018年1月5日閲覧。. ^“Alibaba E-AutoがFIFAクラブワールドカップのプレゼンティングパートナー締結” (プレスリリース), FIFA.com, (2015年12月9日) 2015年12月25日閲覧。. ^“IOCとアリババは「相思相愛」 五輪に最新技術を導入”.
  14. (2017年9月4日) 2018年1月4日閲覧。. ^“「デジタルで五輪を作り替える」 アリババ集団の野望 クラウド基盤に開催都市を制御、プライバシー問題で懸念も”. 日本経済新聞 (2018年2月20日). ^“人工知能で都市を管理統制するアリババの試み、その裏側にあるリスクと「技術の倫理」”. WIRED (2018年6月15日). ^“【中国IT社会のいま】(3)犯人追跡や渋滞減…公共分野でAI活用”.
  15. フジサンケイビジネスアイ (2018年11月28日). ^“AI、容疑者の行動経路20分で割り出す 浙江・衢州市とアリババ”. AFPBB (2018年7月28日). ^“【中国IT社会のいま】(3)犯人追跡や渋滞減…公共分野でAI活用”. フジサンケイビジネスアイ (2018年11月28日). ^“アジアオリンピック評議会が「e-Sports」を競技種目に―2018年「アジア競技大会」から本格デモ導入”.
  16. (2017年4月19日) 2017年4月27日閲覧。. ^“アリババ経済圏、異形の膨張続く 6億人の情報収集”. 日本経済新聞 (2019年1月13日). ^“Alibaba、インドEC市場への注力強化か”. (2017年3月6日) 2017年6月9日閲覧。. ^“アリババ:インドで意外な恩恵、高額紙幣の廃止でオンライン決済が急増”.
  17. (2016年5月6日) 2016年5月16日閲覧。. ^“ソフトバンク、インド電子決済最大手ペイティーエムに投資-1550億円”. (2017年5月18日) 2017年6月9日閲覧。. ^“コラム:孫氏と馬氏、インドで激突回避する方法”. (2017年3月23日) 2018年1月5日閲覧。.
  18. ^“アリババ、同業買収 独投資会社系を1080億円で”. (2016年4月12日) 2018年1月6日閲覧。. ^“アリババ馬氏のアント、米マネーグラム買収で合意-約1000億円で”. (2017年1月26日) 2018年2月5日閲覧。.
  19. ^“米政府、中国アリババの決済企業「マネーグラム」買収を阻止”. (2018年1月4日) 2018年2月5日閲覧。. ^“アリババ、流通額51兆円 ウォルマート超え世界最大に”. (2016年5月6日) 2016年5月16日閲覧。. ^“アリババ、世界最大の小売企業に―中国メディア”. (2016年4月10日) 2016年5月16日閲覧。.
  20. ^“アリババ、ウォルマート超え世界一の流通企業に”. (2016年3月23日) 2016年5月16日閲覧。. ^アリババの営業利益、26%増の4800億円 16年3月期. ^“アリババの時価総額がアジアトップに、「新三大エンジン」に注目集まる―中国”. (2016年9月20日) 2017年6月19日閲覧。.
  21. ^ ab55歳になったジャック・マー氏、アリババ会長退く-創業から20年 - Bloomberg. ^アリババ馬氏、取締役を退任 創業者の影響力は維持: 日本経済新聞. ^ ab資金調達、脱・米依存図る アリババ香港上場: 日本経済新聞. ^网易 (2020年12月24日).
  22. “市场监管总局依法对阿里巴巴集团涉嫌垄断行为立案调查”. ^“中国が独禁法違反で巨額罰金、アリババ抵抗できず-6年前とは一変” (日本語). ^“【中国ウォッチ】アリババたたき、政治要因も ~アリペイ運営会社の上場延期~:時事ドットコム” (日本語). ^ abcde斎藤徳彦 (2017年1月27日). “スマホで決済、広がるアリペイ 春節の中国人客狙い、2万店で”.
  23. 朝日新聞 (朝日新聞社): p. ^アリババ、香港上場初日は公募価格の約3倍で終了 | ロイター. ^アリババ・ドット・コム、香港市場の上場廃止: 日本経済新聞. ^アリババ、史上最大の2.7兆円調達 19日NY上場: 日本経済新聞. ガチアジア - 天猫が取材・放送された。. 中国科学院 - 量子計算実験室を共同設立。. SBクラウド - ソフトバンクとの共同設立。.
  24. ソフトバンクロボティクス - フォックスコンとともにアリババが20%出資している。. サウスチャイナ・モーニング・ポスト - 2015年に買収した。. BATH - 中華人民共和国を代表する通信会社(Baidu、Alibaba、Tencent、Huawei)の総称。. 中国郵政 - 国内外への旺盛なEC事業によって増えた物量により売り上げ取扱量共に5年連続世界一を記録している。. 阿里巴巴1688.com(中国語) - アリババ中国版. Alibaba.com(英語) - アリババ国際版. アリババ株式会社(日本語) - 日本法人. 淘宝网(淘寶網)(中国語) - タオバオ. 阿里妈妈(中国語) - アリママ. ハンセン指数 構成銘柄(2021年12月6日追加時点). フォーチュン・グローバル500 第63位 (2021年、上位100社). フォーブス・グローバル2000 第23位 (2021年、上位100社). Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alibaba. Alibaba.com (chinois simplifié : 阿里巴巴 ; pinyin : Ālǐbābā) est un site internet chinois de commerce électronique. Il est le plus important site de vente en ligne à destination des entreprises au niveau mondial ()[1]. La société est cotée à la bourse de Hong Kong et est détenue à 71,5 % par Alibaba Group, lui non coté et détenu à 7,4 % par son fondateur Jack Ma et sa famille, et à plus de 24 % par Yahoo![2] (après avoir vendu une partie de ses actifs passant ainsi de 33 à 24%).
  25. En , Alibaba Group possédait 3 des 100 sites mondiaux les plus visités[3] : Taobao (14e), alibaba.com (56e), AliPay (85e), plus le site China yahoo! crédité de 42 000 000 de visiteurs uniques mensuels par google/adplanner.
  26. Alibaba.com est aussi partenaire, aux côtés de l'US Commercial Service (US Department of Commerce) et du Hong Kong Trade Development Council du site destiné aux prestataires de service internationaux Globaltrade.net[4].
  27. Début , Bloomberg a estimé Alibaba à 153 milliards de dollars[5]. En 1999, la société est créée par Jack Ma et 17 autres associés dans un appartement de Hangzhou (juin). Alibaba lève 25 M$ auprès de diverses institutions dont Softbank, Goldman Sachs et Fidelity.
  28. En 2003, Alibaba crée Taobao, le principal site web de vente en ligne de Chine. En 2004, lancement du système de paiement AliPay, qui permet de tout payer sans argent liquide. Alipay est très largement utilisé en Chine, un simple smartphone suffit pour payer un café, des vêtements ou ses factures[6].
  29. En 2005, Alibaba Group fait une alliance stratégique avec Yahoo! Alibaba Group prend le contrôle de China Yahoo contre une entrée au capital de Yahoo! dans Alibaba Group[6].
  30. Alibaba.com est introduit à la bourse de Hong Kong en . En 2010, lancement d'Aliexpress.com, portail davantage orienté vers les particuliers étrangers.
  31. En 2014, le groupe entre en bourse à Wall Street. En , Laurent Fabius, ministre français des Affaires étrangères, signe un accord de trois ans avec Alibaba pour accroître la visibilité des produits français sur Alibaba.com[7].
  32. Le , Alibaba annonce le recours à la blockchain pour assurer la traçabilité de produits alimentaires[8]. En 2019, Alibaba.com est toujours numéro un du commerce en ligne en Chine, les numéros 2 et 3 sont respectivement JD.com et Pinduoduo, détenus par Tencent, le grand concurrent d'Alibaba[9].
  33. En 2020, Alibaba est cible d'une enquête antitrust par la SAMR (State Administration for Market Regulation). L'autorité chinoise a ouvert une enquête pour monopole.
  34. En réponse, Daniel Zhang, a réaffirmé l’engagement de son entreprise pour un « développement réglementé »[10]. ↑(en): classement mondial B2B marketplaces bridgat.com.
  35. ↑(en): Alibaba.com rapport annuel 2009. ↑(en): les mille sites les plus visités du Web (adplanner de Google). ↑Alibaba vaut actuellement 153 milliards de dollars, Journal du Net, 5 février 2014. ↑ a et bJacques Blamont, Réseaux !
  36. : le pari de l'intelligence collective, Paris/58-Clamecy, CNRS Éditions, , 272 p. p.(ISBN978-2-271-12235-3), p. ↑Flore Fauconnier, Fabius signe avec Alibaba pour y doper les ventes de produits français, Journal du Net, 19 mai 2014.
  37. ↑Alibaba fait appel à la blockchain pour lutter contre les faux produits alimentaires, le Monde, 27 mars 2017. ↑« En Chine, le duel Alibaba-Tencent écrase l’Internet », Le Monde,‎ (lire en ligne, consulté le ).
  38. ↑« Antitrust : le PDG d’Alibaba va dans le sens des autorités et veut coopérer », sur Siècle Digital, (consulté le ). Duncan Clark, Alibaba. L'incroyable histoire de Jack Ma, le milliardaire chinois, éditions François Bourin, 2017.
  39. Portail des entreprises. Portail d’Internet. Portail du commerce.
  40. Portail de la Chine.
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