Computer Hardware And Software Meanings

Hardware refers to the physical pieces of a computer while software refers to the programs stored within it. Both are essential to the operation of computers. For computers, hardware refers to the physical property that makes up a system. This may include obvious things like the keyboard and mouse. It may also include memory cards and other intricate pieces that contribute to the operation of the motherboard. Software, on the other hand, refers to the programs that operate from the computer.

This may include an operating system, like Microsoft Windows, as well as other programs, such as Microsoft Word. It can also include applications like calculator, games and notepad.

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Selected Reading. The following table highlights the points that differentiate a hardware from a software. 80 Lectures 7.5 hours . Arnab Chakraborty.

Fundamentals of ComputersImportant Computer-Related Terms
Components of ComputersInput and Output Devices
Types of ComputerComputer Abbreviations

63 Lectures 6 hours . Abhilash Nelson.


54 Lectures 6 hours .

Hardware is further divided into four main categories:
  • Abhishek And Pukhraj.
  • 21 Lectures 2.5 hours .
  • 12 Lectures 2 hours .
  • 69 Lectures 12 hours .
Software is further divided into two main categories:
  • Vijay Kumar Parvatha Reddy.
  • What is Computer Hardware and Software:: Computer Hardware is defined as the physical part or component of a computer system which can be felt, seen, and touched.
Developed using electronic and other materialsDeveloped writing using instructions using a programming language
When damaged, it can be replaced with a new componentWhen damaged it can be installed once more using a backup copy
Hardware is physical in nature and hence one can touch and see hardwareThe software cannot be physically touched but still can be used and seen
Hardware cannot be infected by VirusesThe software can be infected by Viruses
Hardware will physically wear out over timeSoftware does not wear out but it can be affected by bugs and glitches
An example of Hardware is hard drives, monitors, CPU, scanners, printers etc.An example of software is Windows 10, Adobe Photoshop, Google Chrome etc.

The computer monitor which we use to view the display is a Hardware Device.

A printer which we use to Produce outputs,a computer memory which is used to store data or programs all are the types of hardware used in computer system for better functionality of computers.

IT professionals develop customized programs that can be used in certain areas of our day-to-day life. These types of software or programs are very helpful and can reduce human efforts immensely.

Different PC Software can be categorized in two main types . System Software.

Application Software. Computer software needs hardware to function properly.

Types of Hardware Component Used in Computer & Their Differences

Different Types of System Software & Their Uses

For Example Hard disk drive is a hardware device of a computer system which saves or stores information, programs or data in high volumes but it cannot work in absence of software programs. The software helps hardware to run and vice versa.

Different Types of Computer Software and Their Uses

Another example if you have installed a sound card on your computer system which is used for playing sound, videos, and also used for playing games, but you cannot hear any sound without proper driver installation that is software that activates the hardware to function properly.

Drivers are software program which comes with the hardware. So we can say that to use full features of hardware and software they are dependent on each other both plays vital role in each other functions.

They are independent devices and programs but rely heavily on each other.

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