The study of human morphology is always something complicated and requires a structured analysis. With this in mind, we offer a series of anatomy books in PDF format to those interested in the subject. The list of anatomy books in PDF format that we make available to users has been selected by specialists in the area, who have previously made an analysis of each of them and have recognized them as materials of excellent quality.
The study of anatomy requires the best books in order to understand human structure and morphology, and here they are. The term anatomy refers to the study of the structure of living organisms; it is also a field of biology in charge of studying such structures, and is one of the preclinical or basic sciences of medicine.
Anatomy offers the possibility of knowing the human being, how the whole organism works, and all this knowledge acquired helps to fight different types of injuries, diseases and any kind of problems on the organism.Anatomy also studies the animal body and the structure of plants.
Technological advances have made it possible to know elements of the human and animal body and plant structure that had been hidden from human beings. Anatomy books provide you with all the information required for the study of the human and animal body or plant structure.
Here we present our complete selection of Anatomy books:
10) The Muscular System
3) Anatomy & Physiology. Volume 3 of 3
24) Introduction to Basic Human Anatomy (Presentation)
12) Anatomy of the Athlete
They explain each of the parts of the body, the organs and the different systems that make up living organisms.
2) Anatomy & Physiology. Volume 2 of 3
Here you can find more than 20 anatomy books in PDF format, which will help you understand the structure and morphology of living organisms. Textbook Equity Open Education. Source: Textbook Equity Open Education. Textbook Equity Open Education. Source: Textbook Equity Open Education.
Textbook Equity Open Education. Source: Textbook Equity Open Education. Source: Joseph Maclise. Guus van der Bie. Source: Louis Bolk Instituut. Pearson - Higher Education. Source: Pearson - Higher Education.
Pearson - Higher Education. Source: Pearson - Higher Education. Pearson - Higher Education. Source: Pearson - Higher Education. Source: Classvideos. Source: Laney College. Source: Colby College.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.
Source: Mustansiriyah University. Source: University Of Cincinnati. National Taiwan University. Source: National Taiwan University.
Source: University of Cincinnati. Source: Anatomy plcnet. Source: Semantic Scholar. Source: Nova Southeastern University. Source: University of Cincinnati.
Source: Fisiokinesiterapia. Source: Patologi. Kolarsick, Maria Ann Kolarsick, Carolyn Goodwin. The Brookside Associates.
Source: The Brookside Associates.
Here ends our selection of free Anatomy books in PDF format. We hope you liked it and already have your next book! If you found this list useful, do not forget to share it on your social networks.
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In the following section, we present you a list of Anatomy Books pdf that particularly deals with human anatomy.
You can download all human anatomy books for free.
Anatomy (“Ana” and “tome”; Greek words) is the branch of biology particularly concerned with the study of structures of living organisms. The words “Ana” and “tome” mean – up and cutting respectively.
Anatomy involves the method of dissection as well as cutting to know the structure of organisms. A variety of anatomy books concerned with human anatomy are available to date. Among all the anatomy books available, we present you with the best anatomy books pdf with their own specialties.
Some of the famous books of anatomy are Gray’sanatomy, BD chaurasia anatomy pdf, Vishram Singh anatomy pdf, Snell’s anatomy, and many more mentioned below.
As per Indian Curriculum, Anatomy is a key subject taught in the first year of MBBS.
However, it has a wide application throughout the medical journey. If you want any Medical books which are not on our list please do message us on Facebook.
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• Cell cycle is a series of process where a cell replicate its genome and synthesises or eventually divides into two daughter cells.
• Phases of Cell Cycle
- G1 Phase ( Gap 1 )
- S Phase ( Synthesis Phase )
- G2 Phase ( Gap 2 )
• M Phase (Mitosis Phase)
✓ Cell Junction
• In cell junctions, intercellular space closely packed tissue is near about 20 nanometres (nm).
• Modified cell membranes providing cohesion and communication are called cell junctions.
• Three types of cell junctions are Occluding junctions, Adhering junctions, and Communicating junctions.
• A tissue is a group of cells together and It has a common embryonic origin.
• Tissues function together to carry out specialized activities in the bodies.
• Tissue may be hard (bone), semisolid (fat), or liquid (blood).
• Types of Tissue
Various types of tissue are (i) Epithelial Tissue, (ii) Connective Tissue, (iii) Muscular Tissue, and (iv) Nervous Tissue
• The skin is the largest organ of our body, It performs vital functions, including protection against external physical, chemical, and biological attacks, as well as prevention of excess water loss from the body and regulating thermoregulation.
• The integumentary system (skin) build-up by the skin and its derivatives structure. The largest organ integumentary system has three layers epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous.
• The outermost layer is to the epidermis, the middle layer dermis, and then it lies on the subcutaneous tissue, which contains small lobes of fat cells also called lipocytes.
✓ Skeletal System
• All the bone tissues make up about 18% of the total human body weight.
• The skeletal system supports and protects the body by giving it shape and form.
• Osteology is the branch of science that deals with the study of the skeletal system, its structure, and function.
• Skeletal systems consist of Bones, Cartilage, Joints, Ligaments.
• Bone is the living tissue in organisms, which makes up the body shape and is one of the hardest structures of the body parts.
• Bones represents the highest differentiation among supporting tissues.
• Bones have certain hardness and elasticity.
✓ Muscle Contraction
• Mechanism of Muscle Contraction occurs when Adenosine triphosphate reacts with ATPase with the presence of Calcium ion then formed Adenosine diphosphate.
ATP+ATPase —-ca++—> ADP+ ~P
✓ Neuromuscular Junctions
• Neuromuscular Junctions also called Myoneural junctions or Motor endplates. This junction is found in various parts of the organisms.
• Joints is the site where two or more bones come together to form a junction. It can be divided into Fibrous, Synovial, Cartilaginous joints.
• Hunan body presents around 230 joints.
✓ Body Fluids
• Water is the most abundant component of the body, constituting about 60% in males and about 50% in women of the total body weight. The percentage of the body water varies inversely with the body’s fat contents.
• The total body water in males is more than in females because there is having a larger amount of subcutaneous fat. In both males and females, the body water composition decreases with the age.
• Blood is also called connective tissue. Blood carries the oxygen to the tissue from the lungs and CO2 from tissue to the lungs for elimination.
• Blood constituents are present eight per cent of the body weight. For older a person has 5.6 litres of blood. Blood in the blood vessels is also in motion.
• Erythropoiesis can be defined as by two main factors maturation of cell and formation of haemoglobin in the cell.
• The Erythropoiesis is controlled by the negative feedback mechanism hence the RBCs number are fairly constant.
• Hemoglobin is a very complex structure of the proteins which consists of iron and globin components called heme.
• Hemoglobin is synthesized from the bone marrow in the developing Erythrocytes. It combines with the oxygen formed oxyhemoglobin that is red.
✓ Blood Coagulation
• Blood coagulation is a complex process and involves the positive feedback mechanism.
• The twelve blood clotting factors are responsible for the blood coagulation process.
✓ Blood Grouping
• Various blood groups having genetically determined differences in antigen on the surface of the RBC membranes.
• There are two systems are classified as blood donated are a blood donor and a blood recipient.
✓ Rh Factor
• In India over 80% of people have Rhesus factors in red blood cells membranes. They are indicated as Rhesus positive (Rh +ve).
• The Rhesus factors consists of D antigens which are the most common. Individuals having this Antigen are indicated as Rh +ve and those who haven’t the antigen are indicated as Rh -ve.
✓ Reticuloendothelial System
• Reticuloendothelial systems are known as Monocyte-Macrophage systems, Mononuclear Phagocytic systems and Lympho-reticular systems.
• RE is a generalized phagocytic system of the body located in all tissues.
• RE is also found in the tissues where large quantities of particles and other unwanted substances must be destroyed.
✓ Lymphatic System
• Lymphatic System is a certain defence mechanism. To protect the human body, body self-resistance is necessary. Lack of resistance is known as susceptibility.
• In this system contains a fluid called lymph. Lymph flows the several lymphatic vessels and body organs.
✓ Lymph Circulation
• Lymph vessels are the thin-walled structure that carries Lymph. Through the lymphatic vessels, the fluids that diffused from the vascular system is returned to normal circulation.
• Lymph vessels act as a reservoir for plasma, serum, and other substances in cells that leaked from the body vascular system.
✓ Peripheral Nervous System
• Most of the nerve fibres are composed of the Peripheral Nervous System that are carrying impulses from the sensory to the brain.
• Peripheral Nervous System consists of the twelve pairs of cranial nerve and thirty-one pairs of spinal nerves.
✓ Sympathetic Nerves
• Sympathetic Nervous System generally stimulates the effector organ (except the digestive tract).
• Sympathetic Nerves activated in emergency flight-or-flight reactions, in the sense that the body can either quickly flee or ‘take a stand’.
✓ Parasympathetic Nerve
• Parasympathetic Nerves generally inhibit the effector organ (except in the digestive tract).
• Preganglionic fibres are limited to the head, viscera of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis region.
✓ Spinal and Cranial Nerves
• Cranial Nerves are twelve pairs, two attach to the forebrain and 10 attach to the brain stem.
• Cranial Nerves are Olfactory, Optic, Oculomotor, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Auditory, Glossopharyngeal, Vagus, Accessory, and Hypoglossal nerves.
• Spinal Nerves are located at the Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral, and Coccygeal levels.
• The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ in the body. In adults, the heart is 30 cm long and 300 gm weight.
• Heart is located in the thoracic cavity and lies obliquely. It is composed of three layers of tissue Pericardium, Myocardium, and Epicardium.
✓ Blood Circulation
• Likewise brain and kidneys get a constant supply of blood through the various blood circulation.
• Three types of systemic circulation are Coronary circulation, Renal circulation, and Hepatic portal circulation.
✓ Blood Vessels
• The circulatory system is known as a closed system because the blood is contained within the heart or blood vessels at all times and always flow in one direction.
• All blood vessels have walls made of three layers of tissue. The inner layer is made up of epithelial tissue, the middle layer is smooth muscle, and the outermost layer is connective tissue.
✓ Autonomic Nervous System
• Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) and the endocrine system together controls the body’s internal organs. It innervates smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands controlling the circulation of blood, the activity of the GI tract, and body temperature.
• Characteristics of ANS are
- ANS innervates smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands of internal organs.
- ANS involuntary and reflexes controlled
✓ Cardiac Output
• Cardiac Output can be defined as the volume of blood pumped by the heart per minute. Cardiac output is generally 5 liter per minute.
CO = Stroke Volume × Heart Rate
✓ Cardiac Cycle
• Factors of the Cardiac Output are Preload, Afterload, Contractility, and Heart Rate.
✓ Regulations of Blood Pressure
• Blood moves through our body circulation system due to it’s under pressure. The measurements of this force are blood pressure.
• Blood pressure is regulated by the Kidneys by removing the excess amount of water from the body.
• The higher the blood pressure indicates the more water is forced out from the nephrons.
✓ Electro Cardio Gram (ECG)
• An ECG is a recording of waveforms that indicates the electrical activity of the heart.
• ECG (Electrocardiogram) is a graphical record of the heart electrical impulses that are generated by depolarization and repolarization of the myocardium layer of the heart.
✓ Disorder of Heart
• There are mentioned some heart diseases and disorders are Heart Attacks, Heart Block, Stroke, Atrial Fibrillation, Sick Sinus, Ventricular tachycardia, Heart valve problem.
17) Arthrology (Presentation)
18) Bones and Joints (Presentation)
Here we provide various top writers Book Pdf free access to download. Please visit our website and download easily TORTORA and Ross and Willson HAP Books Pdf.
Ross and Willson and Tortora’s Human Anatomy and Physiology Book are the best choices books from all over the students and colleges.
8) The Respiratory System
Tortora’s Human Anatomy and Physiology I Book Pdf is the best book for beginners. We also provide Human Anatomy and Physiology Notes.
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