Android is a capable operating system, as it offers many apps that approach desktop class. Yet sometimes, it takes a fair bit of effort to accomplish something on Android that would be a snap on a desktop. One solution is to take advantage of Android's hidden Linux infrastructure.
The Termux app provides a command line environment and allows you to install honest-to-goodness Linux apps on your Android device.
Here's how to use the Termux app. There are already some apps in the Play Store that are Android ports of Linux applications. These differ from Termux in that they replicate those Linux apps, but they're made in an "Android way." In contrast, Termux is a self-contained Linux environment.
Installing and Managing Official Termux Packages
Its programs are (for all intents and purposes) the same as their Linux counterparts. This conveys some advantages over the ported applications:. Consistency: Linux apps that have been ported to Android require a user interface of some kind. The user experience on Android largely depends on how much effort the developer puts into it.
Why Use Termux?
Conversely, Termux apps are the same as the Linux versions, from keyboard shortcuts to how you install them. Compactness: The addition of Android code can cause some slim applications to become heavy.
For example, an Android SSH client might be anywhere from 2MB to 12MB in size. Compare this to Dropbear, available in Termux, which weighs in at 396KB (that's kilobytes) installed.
And it provides an SSH server too. MAKEUSEOF VIDEO OF THE DAY. Timeliness: When an application receives an update, you remain at the mercy of the Android app's developer for an upgrade.
In contrast, Termux applications are standard Linux packages that require less maintenance. They may even be created automatically alongside the desktop versions. You're likely to get access to new features more quickly with Termux. Price: There is a chance any app you purchase from the Play Store will have a charge associated with it.
All the apps in Termux are free (and open source), as is Termux itself. Before diving in, understand that Termux is primarily a command line environment. There's no fancy user interface with shiny buttons here. This goes not only for the base Termux package, but its apps as well. You won't get the newest version of LibreOffice with this method. Most importantly, you must be comfortable with the command line in order to install and use these programs on Termux.
To develop some familiarity, check our list of the most-used Linux Terminal commands.
When you're ready, grab your phone or tablet and install Termux.
Download:Termux (Free). Launching Termux will drop you straight into a command line environment. From here, you can install new tools. Termux uses the same package installer as found in Debian, Ubuntu, and related Linux distros. Advanced Packaging Tools (more commonly referred to as APT) is used to find, install, and remove software in Termux. Start off by updating packages and upgrading with these commands:.
Add Linux to Android With Termux Commands
Next, find out what apps are available:. To find out more about one of these packages, use. This will display the name, maintainer, file size, dependencies, and other useful details. To install an app, simply use:. Our guide to using APT will tell you more about this tool, such as how to upgrade packages.
You can run an installed tool by entering its name at the Terminal prompt in the Termux command line. In addition to apt, this list of built-in commands works in Termux on Android:.
Linux Apps You Can Install With the Termux Command Line
lets you copy a file . will move a file . lists the contents of a directory . deletes (removes) data . creates a symbolic link (for example, ) .
With these built-in tools, you reduce the need for an Android file manager. They also save you from having to root your phone to enjoy such functionality.
Using apt with Termux, you can install several useful Linux apps on Android.
How to Use Termux
These fall into several categories---let's look at some of the highlights.
Termux provides recent versions of both popular Linux text editors: VIM and Emacs.
Installing Termux on Android
Other editors, such as the minimalist nano, are also available. Of course, Android has a lot of text editors already. So what do Emacs and Vim bring to the platform? Well, if you like to work in Markdown, both support it well. Into the "distraction-free" mindset?
It doesn't get much more distraction-free than VIM---check out our VIM shortcuts cheat sheet for help mastering it.
Need something to take notes and provide to-dos? Org-mode in Emacs has you covered. You can even use Emacs as your file manager, screenwriting app, Trello client, music player, or to play Minesweeper.
How To Use Termux ALL TERMUX COMMANDS
Android text editors tend to focus on one standout feature. For example, one may focus on distraction-free drafting, another can preview Markdown and other formatting, and still others might be built on keeping notes (though they're really just text editors at their core).
- Terminal-based editors can fulfill these needs in a single program, while also being available on desktop platforms.
Termux packages include several useful Linux command line utilities:. gnuplot: A mathematical graphing program . ImageMagick: An image manipulation and conversion toolkit .
- p7zip: An archiving utility for the 7-Zip compression scheme .
UnRAR: A different archive tool for the RAR format . Wget: A program to fetch files over the internet via HTTP or FTP .
- These are dedicated programs with a lot to offer.
We've already shown how you can turn your Android device into a web server with specific apps.
- Termux similarly provides genuine Linux web servers like Apache, nginx, and Lighttpd.
But why would you want to run a web server on your Android device? In addition to programming, bear in mind that many of today's best applications are web apps.
Basic Termux Commands You Should Know
For example, you could install nginx, the PostgreSQL database, and Python, then use the Taiga project management platform.
This is a lot of utility, all without having to sign up for any third-party services or hosting.
Termux also includes Dropbear, which provides an SSH server (and client) to log into your phone/tablet and transfer files. This is useful in situations where you want to exchange a few files but don't want to use cloud services.
Step-by-Step Guide How to Use Termux
- Simply start up the Dropbear server, use an SSH client to grab what you need, and shut it down.
Apps like Tiny Web Server allow you to spin up a web server. But what's more intriguing than having a lightweight server you can start from the command line? While many Android apps (listed as "code editors") provide the ability to write code, they may not provide the languages themselves.
With Termux, you can test your code on your phone or tablet.
- It offers standard distributions of programming languages such as:.
BASH shell (the default available out of the box, and a great way to get started hacking around) . Python (both v2 and v3 are available) . Source control systems git and Subversion are also available, which have their uses beyond just development.
If you like being in control of your own data, source control lets you stash your files wherever you want. You also control when you send updates to other devices, and can use "tags" to label versions. There are some programming language packages for Android, such QPython.
But these provide their own bulky UIs. They may also require additional apps to be fully useful.
- Android-based apps are available for both git and svn.
However, you need to have a separate app for each source control type. Termux provides both in the same package for free. By going with source control, you can also cut down on clients for cloud syncing services such as Dropbox.
- Termux is a super-compact offering that opens a lot of functionality for your Android device.
The command line is one of the most powerful features of Linux, and Termux builds on your device's Linux kernel to make you more efficient on the go.
And who knows, maybe dabbling with these apps will convince you to try Linux on the desktop as well.
Enabling Additional Repositories in Termux
- Check out our Linux commands cheat sheet for some help giving it a try.
How to Add Website Shortcuts to the Desktop Context Menu in Windows 11 and 10. Join our newsletter for tech tips, reviews, free ebooks, and exclusive deals! Explanation of some termux commands and how to use them In this post, I will provide you with an explanation of all the commands of the Termux best android terminal emulator, and how to use it.
- You can also see an explanation of the most important commands of the Termux application Commands of the application of Termux for the system ALL TERMUX COMMANDS From this article all commands of the application of Termux All termux commands .
First of all, let's get acquainted with the Termux application, what it is used for, how to use it, download the tools, and explain the most important commands in the Termux application.
Run tools that do not have a graphical interface (Script Tools) such as tools programmed in the language: Python, Perl, Ruby, Shell to a brother. Also, the application does not need the permission of the manager (root)That is, you can use it for testing such as Kali Linux.But of course, it will not give you the power of Kali Linux, although the use of Android is limited and computers are not enough so far.