Semi Trailer Loading Techniques

Whether it is drums, cargo wrapped and placed on skids, or individually wrapped commodities, it is important to pack any semi-truck properly. Knowing that the maximum gross vehicle weight should not exceed 40 tons, figuring the load size has to be the first consideration when packing.

Next, ensure that you have the proper equipment such as a forklift or hand truck for moving the cargo into the trailer. After securing the trailer, it is essential to even out the weight of the cargo starting at the front of the trailer and moving back ensuring to place the load between the trailer tandems and the drive axles so as to have better pulling power.

In order to prevent the load shifting during transit, use any of the following to secure the cargo: lashing tie-downs, expandable braces, netting, cables, ropes, latching belts, steel wire, plastic wrapping, chains, nylon tape, or tensioners.

It’s your responsibility

Following packing the shipment, weigh the truck to safeguard equal weight distribution over the axles and then finalize any modifications with dispatch in order to guarantee satisfaction of state-by-state regulations.

  1. An improperly packed truck can not only cause unnecessary wear and tear to any vehicle, it can also raise costs for a company. Be sure to follow all standard procedures when loading any semi-truck. Trucking Infographics by TruckersReport. Post By Ken Lasyone of Platinum Drivers.
  2. Workers loading and unloading materials should be instructed in safe procedures appropriate to the material they handle. Truck or rail tank car loading or the unloading of flammable/combustible liquids is one of the most hazardous operations likely to be undertaken at any manufacturing or storage facility.
  3. Workers engaged in the loading or unloading of suspension-type highway trailers may be at an increased risk of injury due to the inability of damaged trailers to support the weight of the powered industrial truck used to load or unload the trailer. Throughout the trucking industry, Powered Industrial Trucks, 29 CFR 1910.178, is the most commonly cited standard.
  4. Many fatalities occur when a worker is crushed by a forklift that has overturned or fallen from a loading dock. The following is an overview of the regulations, training requirements and other resources:. OSHA has jurisdiction over off-highway loading and unloading, such as warehouses, plants, grain handling facilities, retail locations, marine terminals, wharves, piers, and shipyards.
  5. OSHA also has jurisdiction in airport terminals unless the FAA has negotiated an airport manual and safety plan with a carrier which has a provision that preempts OSHA's jurisdiction by Section 4(b)1 for that provision.
  6. In all locations, OSHA has jurisdiction over forklift operators and terminal employees who perform loading and unloading operations. 1910.178, Powered industrial trucks. 1910.305, Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use.
  7. 1910.157, Portable fire extinguishers. 1910.132, General requirements (Personal protective equipment). 1910.23, Guarding floor and wall openings and holes. 1910.303, General (Electrical). 1910.147, The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout).
  8. 1910.215, Abrasive wheel machinery. See OSHA Standards for more information. See Other Federal Agencies for DOT and other agency regulations. 29 CFR 1910.178, Powered industrial trucks. Includes specific training requirements for forklift operators who load and unload trucks. Host employers may require site-specific forklift training of visiting workers.

Federal Regulations for Interstates

OSHA Letter of Interpretation, (October 28, 1999). Determines that under the OSH Act and the OSHA powered industrial truck regulation, the host employer is responsible for ensuring that persons who operate forklifts at its worksite have been trained properly. The training and evaluation which the regulation requires are truck-specific and site-specific. The host employer may require outside drivers who come into its workplace to have undergone its training course.

Frequently Asked Questions: Powered Industrial Trucks. Safety Practices Once Tractor Trailer Drivers Arrive at a Destination. OSHA Fact Sheet (Publication 3944), (2018). Inspection of Suspension-Type Highway Trailers Prior to Loading and Unloading with Powered Industrial Trucks.

OSHA Technical Information Bulletin (TIB), (July 31, 2000). Longshoring and Marine Terminals: Fatal Facts. OSHA Publication. Materials Handling and Storage. OSHA Publication 2326. Related OSHA Safety and Health Topics pages: . Baggage Handling. Describes many of the common hazards associated with the baggage handling process.

Provides possible solutions that are ranked according to their feasibility to the operations. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Develops and implements improved tools and processes to facilitate more effective use of safety data, both inside and outside the agency, to help improve aviation safety. Beverage Delivery. Beverage Delivery. Focuses on hazards associated with beverage delivery. It has sections onDelivery Trucks,Hand Trucks andWater Delivery.

Commercial Trailers for Sale

Grocery Warehousing. Grocery Warehousing. Describes example ergonomic hazards and solutions related to Order Picking, one of the three main grocery warehouse operations. It has sections on transport, storage, packaging and work practice. Identifies logging by many measures as the most hazardous industry in the United States. Included is a section, Log Loading andTransporting, which outlines the required and recommended work practices that can reduce logging hazards to the vehicle operators.

Truck Driver Dies After Being Struck By Log That Fell From Logging Truck--North Carolina. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report 9508. Truck Driver Killed when Struck by Log that Rolled off Truck During Loading Operation--Alaska.

Comments are closed.