Termux Tutorial

Termux is a terminal emulator application enhanced with a large set of command line utilities ported to Android OS. The main goal is to bring the Linux command line experience to users of mobile devices with no rooting or other special setup required.

The terminal emulator is basically an application that launches the command line program by using system call execve(2) and redirecting standard input, output and error streams onto the display.

Most terminal applications available on Android OS work with a very limited set of utilities which are usually provided either by the operating system or other rooting tools such as Magisk.

We have decided to go further and port common software usually available on GNU/Linux systems to Android OS. Termux is neither a virtual machine nor any other kind of emulated or simulated environment.

All provided packages are cross-compiled with Android NDK and only have compatibility patches to get them working on Android. The operating system does not provide full access to its file systems, so Termux cannot install package files into standard directories such as /bin, /etc, /usr or /var.

Instead, all files are installed into the private application directory located at. We call that directory "prefix" and usually refer to it as "$PREFIX", which is also an exported environment variable in the Termux shell.

Note that this directory cannot be changed or moved to an SD-Card because:.

How can I contribute?

The file system must have support for unix permissions and special files such as symlinks or sockets. The prefix path is hardcoded into all binaries. In addition to prefix, users can store files in the home directory (or "$HOME") available at. However, the file system is not the only difference from the traditional Linux distributions. For more information, read Differences from Linux.

There are a number of common use-cases for the Termux application:. Data processing with Python. Programming in a development environment. Downloading and managing files and pages using time-established tools.

Learning the basics of the Linux command line environment. Running an SSH client. Synchronizing and backing up your files.

Termux Repository Software

Accessing and managing files in termux

How to restore Termux

Of course, usage is not limited to the topics listed above. There are more than 1000 packages in our repositories. If these packages don't have what you're looking for, you can compile your own - we have a variety of build tools, including compilers for languages like C, C++, Go, Rust.


Interpreters for common languages like NodeJS, Python, Ruby are available too. Please note that Termux is not a rooting tool and will not give you root privileges unless you are skilled enough to break the Android OS security.

Normally Termux does not require device to be rooted.

In fact it's primarily targeted for non-root users. You may want to root your device to:. Modify a device's firmware.

Manipulate the parameters of the operating system or kernel. Non-interactively install/uninstall APKs. Have full R/W access to all file systems on device. Have direct access to hardware devices such as BT/Wi-Fi modules or serial lines (e.g. to access modem).

Install a Linux distribution on top of Android through chroot (not proot!) or containerization. Generally have "full" control over your device.

Otherwise root isn't necessary and is rather bad than good. Here are basic tips on how to use Termux and survive:.

Learn shell scripting! Always keep your packages up-to-date!

Run command pkg upgrade on regular basis or at least before installing a new package.

Not updating packages or downgrading them voids your warranty. Do backups, always! Without backups, you will be probably unable to roll back if something goes wrong.

Please note that software developers should pay attention to backing up debfiles of used compilers, interpreters or dependencies because Termux does not provide older package versions and it is a rolling-release.

Check Backing up Termux for info on how to backup and restore. Do not execute things which you do not know! Review scripts downloaded from the Internet.

Always think about what you are typing into the terminal. Carefully read everything that has been printed to the terminal!

Understanding the informational messages helps resolving issues which may occur.

This section or list is incomplete. Please help to improve it. We are not capable of maintaining the whole documentation about Linux commands, shell scripting and other general-purpose information so links to external resources are provided instead.

We strongly suggest that you avoid YouTube tutorials, especially related to hacking. There a lot of clickbait targeted at inexperienced users. If you decide to follow them, ensure that you fully understand the executed commands.

pip install youtube-dlFor installing Youtube-dl
Packages install pythonInstalls Python
termux-setup-storageGives TERMUX access to your file system
mkdir ‘dir-nameFor creating directory
cd “dir-name”For changing directory
cat “file-name”For reading any file
mv /path/file /path where file is movedFor moving files from one path to another.
cp /path/file /path where to copy fileFor copying files from one path to other
rm filename.file-extensionFor removing mentioned file from a certain directory.
ping “website URL”Helps verify IP level connectivity
toilet -f mono12 -F gay “your text”Presents text in a specified format.
apt show (app-name)Gives a short but detailed summary on mentioned name of desired app.
apt show (app-name)Installs the desired app

How does it work

Recommended Guides

Also always check the content of downloaded files. If the content of downloaded scripts is obfuscated, that should be an alarm about potentially unsafe content.

  1. Do not complain that Termux has not fulfilled your expectations.
  2. Discover the commands and learn how to use shell effectively.
  3. These links may be useful for advanced users:.

https://wiki-dev.bash-hackers.org/ reference with examples of Bash built-in commands use,.

https://debian-handbook.info/ The Debian Administrator's Handbook. When following tutorial examples, remember that Termux is not a Linux distribution.

Some commands may not work, for example . When following tutorial examples, remember that Termux is not a Linux distribution.

Some commands may not work, for example ls /home, due to non-existent paths and other differences Linux and Android have regarding Termux distributions.

The best ways to contribute are:. Improving the Termux Wiki pages, i.e.

by fleshing out sections that could use additional information or by correcting errors in grammar.

Submitting bug reports. Please only submit reports that are about Termux packages or applications.

Other errors should be submitted elsewhere.

Submitting package updates. Submitting pull requests with bug fixes and improvements. All of the source code for Termux can be found at https://github.com/termux.

Retrieved from "https://wiki.termux.com/index.php?title=Getting_started&oldid=6500" . In the Post i am telling to you about Termux android app and Termux Tutorials.

FIX storage permission denied Termux

Termux is most popular linux environment app for Android Devices. Termux is an Android terminal emulator and Linux environment app that works directly with no rooting or setup required.

A minimal base system is installed automatically – additional packages are available using the APT package manager. It combines powerful terminal emulation with an extensive Linux package collection.

What is Termux?

• Enjoy the bash and zsh shells.• Edit files with nano and vim.• Access servers over ssh.• Develop in C with clang, make and gdb.• Use the python console as a pocket calculator.• Check out projects with git and subversion.• Run text-based games with frotz.

Access remote servers using the ssh client from OpenSSH. Termux combines standard packages with accurate terminal emulation in a beautiful open source solution.

Feature packed. Take your pick between Bash, fish or Zsh and nano, Emacs or Vim.

Grep through your SMS inbox. Access API endpoints with curl and use rsync to store backups of your contact list on a remote server.

Install what you want through the APT package management system known from Debian and Ubuntu GNU/Linux.

Why not start with installing Git and syncing your dotfiles?

Have you ever sat on a bus and wondered exactly which arguments tar accepts?

Packages available in Termux are the same as those on Mac and Linux – install man pages on your phone and read them in one session while experimenting with them in another.

With batteries included. Can you imagine a more powerful yet elegant pocket calculator than a readline-powered Python console?

Up-to-date versions of Perl, Python, Ruby and Node.js are all available.

Ready to scale up. Connect a Bluetooth keyboard and hook up your device to an external display if you need to – It supports keyboard shortcuts and has full mouse support.

Develop by compiling C files with Clang and build your own projects with CMake and pkg-config.

Both GDB and strace are available if you get stuck and need to debug.

Some extra features available.

You can add them by installing addons:. After Installation, Run Termux app.

Then at the prompt type.

If you have a headless Pi, then you can Control and use Raspberry Pi via SSH using Termux.

How to setup truly headless RPi – How To Use Raspberry pi in a truely headless mode.

What is Termux ?

Remember Apache directory is this /data/data/com.termux/files/usr/share/apache2/default-site/htdocs/. For example I have read.txt if you want to move this read.txt to Apache directory then I use this command.

To start apache2 server in Termux type this command :.

Now open browser and type localhost:8080/read.txt. Probably no, some packages are known to conflict with each other, e.g.

Dropbear and OpenSSH. But you can still install most of packages, this will take approximately 3.5 GB of space on internal storage.

Use apt install * in an empty directory. This will produce an error, and this is exactly the result you want for step one.

Study the output to find out conflicting packages, then find a way to select only packages that don’t cause conflicts. I hope you like this post “Termux Tutorials – Linux Environment Android app”.Do you have any questions?

Leave a comment down below! Thanks for reading. If you like this post probably you might like my next ones, so please support me by subscribing my blog.

You may like also:. Hi there, Now You can use Almost all Useful Hacking Tools, Scripts on Your Android Mobile.

There are many apps and hacking tools availa1ble for Android phones, so we can install Kali Linux on them, but it will take some time and effort.

Want to learn Termux for hacking? first, understand what is Termux and follow how to install applications using Termux and the complete Termux command.In this article, I am going to give you detailed information and everything that you need to know about Termux.

So Let’s get started. Termux is a Powerful Android app that is Designed to Install Linux packages on your Android Mobile.

Termux is a terminal emulator for Android as well as a Linux environment that works on Android without the need for rooting or specific configurations.

The APT package manager can be used to install additional applications/packages. You can install shell, python, c, c++, Perl, ruby, java, and many more helpful packages with this Termux App, and we can utilize various hacking tools/scripts on our mobile with Termux, such as Nmap, Hydra, and Sqlmap.

How to installTermux on Android

If you want to use only the tools you need, read this article completely to learn how to use the Termux app and how to use simple termux commands to install hacking tools on your Android phone.

What sets Termux apart from other terminal emulators is that it has been set up in such a way that the Termux environment is identical to the Debian standard Linux environment.

Because the Android environment is different from the Linux environment in general in Thermux we can install packages/applications commonly used on Linux in general.

With features and environment changes like the ones listed above, Termux stands out because it allows you to install Penetration Testing Tools (pen-testing tools) / hacking software like Metasploit and NetHunter on your Android phone.Termux also comes with a package manager (APT) that makes it easier to find and install the packages you require from the Termux software repository.

(APT) that makes it easier to find and install the packages you require from the Termux software repository.

Termux Function

The terminal emulator is software that uses a system called execve to execute a command-line program and redirects standard input, output, and error streams to the display.

Most terminal programs for Android OS function with a small collection of utilities that are usually offered by the operating system or other rooting tools like Magisk.

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